Hemiparesis Definition And Symptoms

Hemiparesis – Hemiparesis Definition And Symptoms

Hemiparesis is a weakness on one side of the body and inability to move body such as loss of strength in a leg, face or arm. It will also cause pain on the left side of the body.

The severe cause of this pain is known as hemiplegia. Keep reading, this blog to know about the difference between hemiplegia and hemiparesis. 

Hemiparesis And Hemiplegia Medical Definition

Hemiparesis And Hemiplegia Medical Definition

Hemiparesis is a one-sided body weakness. It will affect the right or left side of the body, but most of the people are not able to make the difference between hemiplegia and hemiparesis. Check out the difference between hemiplegia and hemiparesis.  


(Also read: Precordial Catch Syndrome)

Hemiparesis Definition

Hemiparesis is a general term of the mild to moderate degree of muscle weakness. It will happen when one side of the body gets weak and impacts the limbs and facial muscles.

It will affect the 8 people out of every 10 stroke survivors. The patients who have hemiparesis are experiencing limited movement in their legs, facial muscles, hands, and arms.

This weakness on one side of the body can make difficult to perform everyday activities. Experiencing this pain on one side of the body can cause:

  • Difficulty in walking 
  • Difficulty in grasping the objects
  • Cause the muscle fatigues 
  • lack of coordination
  • Loss of balance 

Hemiplegia Definition

Hemiplegia is the symptom that occurs after the damage of the Central Nervous System like the stroke. It will affect the part of the one side part of the body and cause.

Such as it affects your left side, then it will cause the pain on the left side of the body. It will cause abnormal muscle tone, loss of motor skill, loss of posture control and loss of sensory factor.

Hemiplegia symptoms are more severe than the hemiparesis. It will cause a complete loss on the affected side body or paralysis may not be extensive. Some symptoms of the hemiplegia are difficult to control your bladder, speak and control your bowl. 

Symptoms Of The Hemiparesis 

Symptoms Of The Hemiparesis

The most common symptom of the hemiparesis is partial paralysis or weakness on one side of the body. The symptoms of the hemiparesis depend on the side of the brain or spine code which is damaged.

The injury of the left side brain can cause the numbness on right side of body. If the injury is caused on the right side of the brain, then it will cause left-sided weakness.

The  Symptoms of the hemisphere depend on the type of spine injury and also it will depend on the level of the injury.

( Also read: Healthy Foods For The Brain Health And Sharp Memory)

Causes Of The Hemiparesis 

Causes Of The Hemiparesis

The brain and spinal cord control the muscle movements. So, if the brain or spinal cord is damaged then they are not able to control or direct the muscles. Some of the most common cause of the hemiparesis are:

  • Stroke 
  • Traumatic injury may affect the brain, nerves or spine.
  • Congenital medical conditions like cerebral palsy, which is present from birth which may cause weakness on one side of the brain. Like it will cause numbness on the right side of the body 
  • Spine Disease
  • Brain or spine Tumour
  • Infection on the brain, meninges or spine
  • Psychiatric or psychological condition
  • Postictal paralysis
  • Inflammatory and autoimmune conditions

Which Side Of The Brain Is Worse To Have A Stroke?

Which Side Of The Brain Is Worse To Have A Stroke?

It’s difficult to say that what’s the side of the brain is worse to have a stroke. Because most of the stock is happen when the supply of the oxygens is cut off some position of the brain.

This will cause the brain cells to die, so the area which is responsible for the strength and movement of the body is damaged. This process will cause the hemiparesis.

Just like the left side of the brain, have control of speaking and understanding language ability. The right side of the brain controls those speaking, paying attention and motor skill abilities.

Which side of your body effects depends on the affected part of the brain. If the stroke will happen on the left side of the brain. Then you have muscle weakness or left side of body pains.

Just like if you have a stroke on the left side of the brain, then you have numbness on right side of body. But in some people pain in body or weakness occurs on the opposite side of the brain injury. 

Treatment Of Hemiplegia And Hemiparesis 

Treatment Of Hemiplegia And Hemiparesis

The treatments of the hemiplegia and hemiparesis depend on the injury of the brain and spinal cord. But doctors are recommending some treatments to treat this condition.

(Also read: Amoxicillin Rash – Uses And Treatment)

Here are some recommended treatments:

Physical Therapy

In this treatment, physical therapists will prevent atrophy and also prevent muscle spasticity. The physical therapist gives this therapy by keeping the joints loose and flexible To treat hemiparesis. 

Occupational Therapy

Occupation therapy can help to treat the weakness on one side of the body. This therapy or technique you can learn by taking care of common and with some activities. 

Electrical Stimulation

During the electrical stimulation, the physical and occupational therapist attaches the small electrical pads on the weaker extremities. They send small electrical currents through these pads to make the muscle contract.

After some time of this therapy, the weaker muscles will train and become stronger again. According to the one study, researchers have tested this electrical stimulation on 10 people who are suffering from the numbness on right side of body.

They gave them electrical stimulation in addition to kinesiotherapy for 7 weeks To treat hemiparesis.

After the weeks they had found improved moments in strength, mobility, and endurance. Because kinesiotherapy is becoming more effective when it comes to electrical stimulation. 

Aids Mobility

Using wheelchairs and walkers can help the hemiparesis patient to lead an independent life. 

Adaptive Equipment

Practicing day to day tasks can help to treat the hemiparesis. Doing cleaning, eating, driving and doing some more activities. 

Assistive Technology

Using assistive technology like voice-activated devices can help to do work more productively. 

Modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy

In this therapy, the stronger side of the body can focus on the weakness part of the body to compensate. This action will help to strengthen the weaker side muscles and treat hemiparesis.

According to one study, the researchers had tested this therapy of the 30 people who are receiving from the stroke. They practice this therapy for 4 weeks and gently notice them. After the 4 weeks, they had noticed the improvement in mobility in these participants. 

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